HAIL & FIRE - a resource for Reformed and Gospel Theology in the works, exhortations, prayers, and apologetics of those who have maintained the Gospel and expounded upon the Scripture as the Eternal Word of God and the sole authority in Christian doctrine.
HAIL & FIRE - a resource for Reformed and Gospel Theology in the works, exhortations, prayers, and apologetics of those who have maintained the Gospel and expounded upon the Scripture as the Eternal Word of God and the sole authority in Christian doctrine.












Hail & Fire Online Book Library - click here to read rare Christian, Puritan, Reformed and Protestant exhortational works, Catholic and Protestant polemical and apologetical works, bibles, histories, martyrologies, and works on eschatology.

Read Christian, Puritan, Reformed and Protestant exhortational works, Catholic and Protestant polemical & apologetical works, histories, martyrologies, and works on eschatology, online:   Hail & Fire Library

Click to Read Doctrine on the Scripture by St. John Chrysostom - Hail and Fire

Click to Read On Godly Love by William Tyndale - Hail and Fire - Doctrine

READ William Tynale on the Authority of Scripture.


"God careth for his elect; and therefore hath provided them of scripture, to try all things, and to defend them from all false prophets."


READ ONLINE: Certain Sermons or Homilies Appointed to Be Read in Churches in the Time of Queen Elizabeth of Famous Memory - Hail and Fire


QUOTE: "How necessary it is, that the Word of God, which is the only food of the soul, and that most excellent light that we must walk by, in this our most dangerous pilgrimage, should at all convenient times be preached unto the people"

1562 Preface

Click to Read Joseph Alleine's An Alarm to the Unconverted Sinners prefixed by an epistle Richard Baxter - Hail and Fire Book Library

ONLINE LIBRARY: Sermons on the Card and Other Discourses by Hugh Latimer, martyr 1555

Click to Read History of England from the fall of Wosley to the death of Elizabeth by James Anthony Froude - Hail and Fire Book Library




"What does the Lord require of you? Is it to make your own peace? He would as soon require you to make a new heaven and a new earth. Is it to keep your own soul? No more than he requires you to keep the sun in its course. His own arm has wrought salvation, and he will secure it. He requires none of your help here; nay, he disdains the thought: you might as well offer to help him to govern the world. But this he requires of you, 'to do justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God;' and the methods of his grace will enable you to do so."


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Click to Read About the life of William Tyndale - Hail and Fire Book Library

"Test all things: hold fast that which is good." 1 Thessalonians 5:21

READ FREE Christian books, Puritan, Reformed and Protestant exhortational works, Catholic and Protestant polemical and apologetical works, bibles, histories, martyrologies, and works on eschatology in the Hail & Fire Online Library >>

Illustration of the Burning of English Bible Translations in 15th century England. READ LOLLARD WRITINGS online


"When they burned the New Testament they pretended a zeal very fervent to maintain only God’s honor, which they said with protestation, was obscured by translation in English, causing much error. But the truth plainly to be said, this was the cause why they were afraid, least laymen should know their iniquity."

A Lollard (1450ad)

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A Proper Dialogue between a Gentleman and Husbandman each complaining to other their miserable calamite, through the ambition of the clergy.

A 15th century Apology written by an English Lollard.


Illustration of the Burning of English Bible Translations in 15th century England. READ LOLLARD WRITINGS online

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New Excerpts Added: March 2013

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"by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God." 2 Corinthians 4:2

The Rheims New Testament, published originally in 1582 by the Jesuit school at Rheims, France.

The Latin Vulgate and Dopuay (1582 Rheims) New Testaments Compared - published in parallel formate for comparison.

HOME > Doctrine

An online resource for Biblical and historical Christian Theology and Doctrines in excerpts and quotations from Scripture, ancient Christian writings, Pre-Reformation, Reformed and Puritan books, sermons and apologetics:


expanded  Athanasius of Alexandria (d. 373ad)

Doctrine on the Scripture (excerpt from "Letter to Serapion of Thmuis")

expanded  Chrysostom, St. John (347 - 407 ad)

Doctrine on the Scripture (excerpt from "Treatise on the Priesthood")

QUOTE: "But some one will say, 'it is to the priests that these charges are given' ... But that the apostle gives the same charge to the laity, hear what he says in another epistle to other than the priesthood: 'Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom.'"

expanded  Clement of Alexandria (153 - 217 ad)

Doctrine on the Scripture (excerpt from "The Stromata")

QUOTE: "For those who make the greatest attempts must fail in things of the highest importance; unless, receiving from the truth itself the rule of the truth, they cleave to the truth. But such people, in consequence of falling away from the right path, err in most individual points; as you might expect from not having the faculty for judging of what is true and false … For if they had, they would have obeyed the Scriptures."

expanded  Clement of Rome (30 - 100 ad)

Doctrine on the Scripture (excerpt from "Epistle of Clement to the Corinthians")

expanded  Hippolytus (170 - 236 ad)

Doctrine on the Scripture (excerpt from "Against the Heresy of One Noetus")

expanded  Irenaeus (120 - 202 ad, Bishop of Lyon)

Authority of the Scripture (excerpt from "Against Heresies")

QUOTES: "Thou dost gradually learn from the Word the dispensations of God who made thee." "The entire Scriptures, the prophets, and the Gospels, can be clearly, unambiguously, and harmoniously understood by all, although all do not believe them." "Having therefore the truth itself as our rule and the testimony concerning God set clearly before us, we ought not, by running after numerous and diverse answers to questions, to cast away the firm and true knowledge of God."

expanded  Jerome (Eusebius Hieronymus) (ca. 340 - 420)

Doctrine on the Scripture (excerpts and quotations from "The Principal Works of St. Jerome")

expanded  Justin Martyr (110 - 165 ad)

Doctrine on the Scripture (excerpt from "Dialogue with Trypho")

expanded  Mathetes (130 ad)

Doctrine on the Scripture (excerpt from "The Epistle of Mathetes to Diognetus")

expanded  Tertullian (145 - 220 ad)

Doctrine on the Scripture (excerpt from "Against Hermogenes")

expanded  Tyndale, William (Protestant Reformer & Martyr, 1536)

Authority of the Scripture (excerpt from "An Answer to Sir Thomas More's Dialogue" 1531)

QUOTE: "The Spirit of God teacheth his children to believe; and the devil blindeth his children, and keepeth them in unbelief, and maketh them to consent unto lies, and think good evil, and evil good: as the Acts of the apostles say in many places, 'There believed as many as were ordained unto everlasting life.' And Christ saith (John viii.), 'They that be of God hear God's word.'"


expanded  Alleine, Joseph (Puritan Preacher)

On Baptism (excerpt from "An Alarm to the Unconverted Sinners")

QUOTE: "Ananias and Sapphira were baptized as well as the rest"

expanded  Frith, John (Protestant, Reformer, Martyr)

The Sacrament of Baptism Described (from "The Works of Tyndale & the Works of Frith")

QUOTE: "Paul testifies, saying, 'He is not a Jew which is a Jew outwardly, neither is that circumcision anything, which is outward in the flesh; but he is a Jew which is hid within the circumcision of the heart' (Romans 2), which is the cutting off of carnal desires and is the true circumcision. This circumcision was in price with God, with the which, the Gentiles were circumcised. And in like manner, may we say of our baptism, he is not a Christian man which is washed with water, neither is that baptism which is outward in the flesh; but that is the very baptism which God alloweth, to be baptized spiritually in the heart."

expanded  Martyr, Justin (110-165ad)

On Baptism (excerpt from "Dialogue with Trypho")

QUOTE: "By reason, therefore, of this laver of repentance and knowledge of God, which has been ordained on account of the transgression of God’s people, as Isaiah cries, we have believed, and testify that that very baptism which he announced is alone able to purify those who have repented; and this is the water of life."

expanded  Owen, John (Puritan Preacher)

On Baptism (excerpt from "A Discourse Concerning the Holy Spirit wherein an Account is given of his Name, Nature, Personality, Dispensation, Operations and Effects." 1674)

QUOTE: "The outward administration of this ordinance considered materially, extends only to the washing away the filth of the flesh; but it signifies the answer of a good conscience; a conscience purged from sin, and quickened by virtue of the resurrection of Christ to holy obedience, Heb. ix. 14; Rom. vi. 3-7."

expanded  Taylor, Thomas

On Baptism (excerpt from "The Catechism of the Waldenses and Albigenses, The First Reformers from Popery, About the Year 1150, About Three Hundred Years Before Luther" 1795)

QUOTE: "I beseech you for the Lord's sake, do not deceive yourself; never dream that Baptism is the New Birth, or any other external ordinance or operation whatever. Baptism is an outward work performed upon the body, by the arm of flesh, and can no more change your heart, or save your soul, than it can create a world."

expanded  Tyndale, William (Reformer, Bible Translator, and Protestant Martyr, 1494-1536ad)

On Baptism (excerpt from "Obedience of a Christian Man")

QUOTE: "Baptism is called volowing in many parts of England, because the priest saith ‘volo’ (‘I wish it’) … The child was well volowed (say they)"


expanded  Edwards, Jonathan (Puritan and 18th century Revivalist Preacher, 1703-1758ad)

Character of a Christian (excerpt from "Religious Affections" 1746)

QUOTE: "Christ gives of the qualities and temper of such as are truly blessed, that shall obtain mercy, and are God’s children and heirs: Matt. 5:5,7,9, “Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth. Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy. Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God.” And that this spirit is the special character of the elect of God"

The True Nature of Conversion (excerpt from "Religious Affections" 1746)

QUOTE: "If a man before his conversion; was by his natural constitution especially inclined to lasciviousness, or drunkenness, or maliciousness; converting grace will make a great alteration in him, with respect to these evil dispositions; so that however he may be still most in danger of these sins, yet they shall no longer have dominion over him; nor will they any more be properly his character."

expanded  Mathetes (130ad)

Manners of the Christians (excerpt from "Epistle of Mathetes to Diognetus")

QUOTE: "What the soul is in the body, that are Christians in the world. ... The soul dwells in the body, yet is not of the body; and Christians dwell in the world, yet are not of the world. ... The flesh hates the soul, and wars against it, though itself suffering no injury, because it is prevented from enjoying pleasures; the world also hates the Christians, though in nowise injured, because they abjure pleasures."


expanded  Luther, Martin (1483-1546ad, German Reformer)

On Who Is My Neighbor (excerpt)

QUOTES: "Every man is my neighbor, who although he hath done me some wrong, or hurt me by any manner of way"

expanded  Tyndale, William (Reformer, Bible Translator, and Protestant Martyr, 1494-1536ad)

On Godly Love (excerpt from "An Answer to Sir Thomas More's Dialogue" 1531ad)

QUOTE: "When we say, faith only justifieth us, that is to say, receiveth the mercy wherewith God justifieth us and forgiveth us; we mean not faith which hath no repentance, and faith which hath no love unto the laws of God again, and unto good works, as wicked hypocrites falsely belie us."

expanded  Wilberforce, William

On Charity (excerpt from "Real Christianity" 1797 Edition)

QUOTE: "Wherein does this goodness of heart and this innocence appear? Remember that we are fallen creatures, born in sin, and naturally depraved. Christianity recognizes no innocence or goodness of heart, but in the remission of sin, and in the effects of the operation of divine grace. Do we find in these ... persons the characters, which the Holy Scriptures lay down as the only satisfactory evidences of a safe state? ... Can the blindest partiality persuade itself that they are loving, or striving 'to love God with all their hearts, and minds, and souls, and strength?' Are they 'seeking first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness?' Are they 'working out their salvation with fear and trembling?'"


expanded  H&F

Doctrine on Peter the Rock and the Keys of the Kingdom of Heaven

QUOTE: "Augustine unhesitatingly explains the verse in Matthew 16 and records for us the opinion of the Apostolic Church and the faith of the Apostolic Fathers: 'Let us be saved by Him, let us walk in Him. This it is to "believe that Jesus is the Christ," as Christians believe, who are not Christians only in name, but in deeds and in life, not as the devils believe. For "the devils also believe and tremble," as the Scripture tells us. What more could the devils believe, than that they should say, "We know who thou art, the Son of God?" What the devils said, the same said Peter also. When the Lord asked them who He was, and whom did men say that He was, the disciples made answer to Him, "Some say that thou art John the Baptist; some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets. He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am? And Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the Living God." And this he heard from the Lord: "Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona; for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven." See what praises follow this faith. "Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church." What meaneth, "Upon this rock I will build my Church"? Upon this faith; upon this that has been said, "Thou art the Christ, the Son of the Living God. Upon this rock," saith He, "I will build my Church."'"


expanded  Tertullian (145 - 220 ad)

Doctrine on the Sabbath (excerpt and quotation from "An Answer to the Jews")


expanded  Cranmer, Thomas (1489-1556ad, Archbishop of Canterbury, Protestant Reformer and Martyr)

Doctrine of Salvation (excerpt from "Homily of Salvation")

QUOTE: "Because all men be sinners and offenders against God, and breakers of his law and commandments, therefore can no man by his own acts, works, and deeds (seem they never so good) be justified and made righteous before God; but every man of necessity is constrained to seek for another righteousness, or justification, to be received at God's own hands, that is to say, the remission, pardon, and forgiveness of his sins and trespasses in such things as he hath offended. And this justification or righteousness, which we so receive by God's mercy and Christ's merits, embraced by faith, is taken, accepted, and allowed of God for our perfect and full justification."

expanded  Binning, Hugh (Puritan Preacher, 1627-1653)

On Predestination (excerpt from "The Common Principles of the Christian Religion")

QUOTE: "And that little or nothing may be left to the absolute sovereign will of God, to which the Scripture ascribes all things, they must again imagine, that upon his purpose of sending Christ to save sinners, he is yet undetermined about the particular end of particular men, but watches on the tower of foreknowledge to espy what they will do, whether men will believe on his Son or not, whether they will persevere in faith or not, and according to his observation of their doings, so he applies his own will to carve out their reward or portion of life or death. These are even the thoughts which are inbred in your breasts by nature. That which the learned call Arminianism is nothing else but the carnal reason of men’s hearts, which is enmity to God"


expanded  Brevint, Daniel (Dean of Lincoln, French Huguenot Preacher)

On Prayer to Saints (excerpt from "The New Ways of Salvation and Service, which usually tempt men to Rome, and detain them there. Truly represented, and refuted." 1674 Edition)

QUOTE: "First, it is a great presumption to pretend to more wisdom, in point of serving God and saving ourselves, then either God has appointed, or all the holy prophets and Apostles have known and taught: and it is most just and likely, that men should meet with strong delusions, and with the devils themselves, when they venture upon slippery, & unknown, and dark bypaths, where not one of God's saints ever dared walk."

expanded  Claudius of Turin (Archbishop of Turin in Italy, 810-827ad)

On the Veneration of Saints

QUOTE: "If one adores all wood in the form of a cross, because Christ was crucified, one should adore all mangers because Jesus was placed in one; one should also adore asses, because Jesus rode on one; and the same with boats, since often He spoke to the people from a boat. We have not received a command to worship the cross, but to carry it and to deny ourselves."


expanded  Tyndale, William (Reformer, Bible Translator, and Protestant Martyr, 1494-1536ad)

On Faith and Good Works (excerpt from "Answer to Sir Thomas More's Dialogue")

QUOTE: "When the great multitude, that be called and not chosen, Cain, Ishmael, Esau, and carnal Israel, that serve God night and day with bodily service and holy works, such as they were wont to serve their idols withal, behold little flock, that they come not forth in the service of God"


expanded  Taylor, Thomas (Puritan Preacher)

Offended at the Word (excerpt from "The Parable of the Sower, and of the Seed" 1621 Edition)

QUOTES: "Even so not a few, that boast sometimes of their faith and love to Religion; of their settledness and resolution to die with Christ, rather than deny him ... let the Gospel begin to meddle with their Herodius, or bosom sin; let it call them from service of the world, and pull them from their lusts; let it be busy with their usery, their pride, wantoness, malice; let it seek to pull them from their dissordered customs, their unlawful pleasures, their profain courses; let it lay nothing but the yokes of Christ upon professed Christians; let it discover to them their inside, and lead them to that filthy sink which is within, and stir a little in that mud: a wonder it is to see how many suddenly fall off by degrees; now they are angry at the Word, and he is the greatest enemy that tells them the truth: now they distaste the Word, they pick quarrels, then begin to shake it off, and at last openly to resist it."

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The Martyrdom
of a People
or The Vaudois of Piedmont and their History

by Henry Fliedner

The Martyrdom of a People or The Vaudois of Piedmont and their History by Henry Fliedner

“The Light Shines in Darkness."

A Christian History and Martyrology:

Henry Fliedner's work offers a concise history of those known as the Vaudois or Waldensians—Christians of the pre-Reformation era. Fliedner traces their Bible only (Sola Scriptura) faith, and the horrific persecutions they endured, from ancient times to the early 1900's.

"They often travelled on horseback in different countries as hawkers, and, thanks to their bales of goods, obtained access to the rich and poor. ... While the merchant was doing business, he would observe the character of his customers, and when, at the end, they asked if he had anything else to sell, he would reply, 'Certainly, I have treasures much more precious than those which you have seen. ... a jewel which shines with such brightness, that it enables one to see, and to come to the knowledge of God.' ... The merchant then drew out of his pocket, or from a secret drawer of his travelling chest, a Gospel, and commenced to read." ... In this way the Vaudois found a means of spreading the Word of God more and more. ... What wonderful results might this seed-time have produced, if the storm of persecution had not broken out, reducing almost to naught the people of God. - Henry Fliedner

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The Mute Christian under the
Smarting Rod

by Thomas Brooks
first published
in 1659

The Mute Christian under the Smarting Rod by Thomas Brooks

Thomas Brooks first published this work in 1659 as the expression of his own experience under trials and afflictions and as an encouragement and an admonition to others. Here afflictions, trials, temptations, and human weakness are set in the balance against Scriptural knowledge in an exhortation to faith and the humble acceptance and profiting of the children of God under the disciplining hand of a God who would be known as our Father:

“Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live? For they verily for a few days chastened us after their own pleasure; but he for our profit, that we might be partakers of his holiness. Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby.” Hebrews 12:9-11.

And as recorded in the Psalms,

“My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him. His seed also will I make to endure forever, and his throne as the days of heaven. If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments; if they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. Nevertheless my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail. My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.” Psalms 89:28-34.

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The Marriage Ring
or How to Make Home Happy

by John Angell James
with a sermon on marriage by John Owen

The Marriage Ring or How to Make Home Happy by John Angell James with a sermon on marriage by John Owen

"As the church is subject to Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in everything. Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it." - Ephesians 5:24-25

An exhortation on Christian Marriage and its Duties.

The secret of happiness lies folded up in the leaves of the Bible and is carried in the heart of true religion. A good Christian cannot be a bad husband or father and, as this is equally true in everything, he who has the most piety will shine the most in all the relationships of life.

A Bible placed between man and wife as the basis of their union, the rule of their conduct, and the model of their spirit will make up for many differences between them, comfort them under many crosses, guide them through many straits, support them in their last sad parting from one another and reunite them in that happy world where they shall remain forever. Let the two parties in wedded life be believers in Christ Jesus and partake themselves of the peace that surpasses understanding. And if happiness is to be found on earth, it will be enjoyed within the hallowed circle of a family thus united by love and sanctified by grace.

BONUS SERMON - included at back of book:
Right to Divorce & Remarriage in the Case of Adultery by John Owen

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MP3 AUDIO LIBRARY - download or
listen online to mp3 audiobooks of:

Hugh Binning: The Works of Hugh Binning
John Bunyan: The Works of John Bunyan
Jonathan Edwards: Religious Affections
Isaac Watts: Hyms & Songs
William Wilberforce: Real Christianity
John Jewel: Apology of the Church of England

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The Forgiveness of Sins
by John Owen

The Forgiveness of Sin - Exposition of Psalm 130 by John Owen

"He suffered men, indeed, to make trial of other ways; and when their insufficiency for the ends men proposed to themselves was manifested, it pleased him to reveal His way. And what are we, that we should contend about it with Him? God's rejection of the way of personal righteousness, and choosing the way of grace and forgiveness, he reveals, Jeremiah 31:31-34: 'Behold the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant ... this shall be the covenant that I will make ... I will put my law in their hearts, and will forgive their iniquity, and remember their sin no more.' Let, then, this way stand, and the way of man's wisdom and self-righteousness perish forever.""

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A Divine Cordial
by Thomas Watson

A Divine Cordial (Romans 8:28) by Thomas Watson

"Two things, which I have always looked upon as difficult: the one is, to make the wicked sad; the other is, to make the godly joyful. - Dejection in the godly, arises from a double spring; either because their inward comforts are darkened, or their outward comforts are disturbed - to cure both which troubles, I have put forth this ensuing piece, hoping, by the blessing of God, it will buoy up their desponding hearts ... I would prescribe them to take, now and then, a little of this Cordial: All THESE THINGS SHALL WORK TOGETHER FOR GOOD TO THEM THAT LOVE GOD (Romans 8:28)."

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The Truth of the Christian Religion
by Hugo Grotius

The Forgiveness of Sin - Exposition of Psalm 130 by John Owen

"The design of the book is to show the reasonableness of believing and embracing the Christian religion above any other; which our author does, by laying before us all the evidence that can be brought, both internal and external, and declaring the sufficiency of it; by enumerating all the marks of genuineness in any books, and applying them to the sacred writings: and by making appear the deficiency of all other institutions of religion"

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"For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast." Ephesians 2:8-9 KJV
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